All University websites are required to be compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act and are encouraged to adhere to Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (specifically Subpart B, 1194.22 Web-based intranet and internet information and applications).
While Aurora’s central themes are tested and kept accessible by ITS web developers, individual webmasters are responsible for keeping the content of their pages and sites accessible as well.
Please visit UConn's IT Accessibility website for more information.
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Use Good Alt Text
Alternate text, or alt text, is a textual description of an image. Alt text is applicable when inserting pictures into a webpage. It is text that describes what knowledge or functionality the reader is supposed to gain from the inserted image. Alt text is only helpful when it fully describes the form and function of the image. WordPress will use the file name of an image as the alt text, but this is likely not going to be good enough to pass an accessibility review.
Good alternative text provides the information conveyed in the image, including all text seen in the image and relevant details. It can be difficult to choose where to focus the description, so here are a few rules of thumb:
- If an image is meaningful, it must have alternate text. Not providing alternate text means that users who cannot see the image will miss information.
- Focus on form and function. Form or context often tells us what aspects of the image are most important. Similarly, function can tell us how to describe the image. A magnifying glass icon that serves as a search button should be described as a search button.
If stuck formulating alternate text, consider how to you might describe the image to someone over the phone.
No Table Layouts
Layouts of rows and columns should be done with Bootstrap code, not HTML Tables. Besides being inaccessible, HTML tables will also break your pages in mobile views! Tables should only be used when the content in a cell is defined by what row and column it belongs to.
Avoid ‘Click Here’ Links
Avoid ‘Click Here’ and similar phrases for links. Instead, have the link text describe the link destination. In addition to being more accessible, it will help with your Google search rankings. For example, “For more information about our admissions process click here” could be better as “More information about our admissions process“.
Use headings to organize your page content. For example, this page uses Heading 2 (h2) and Heading 3 (h3) tags. “Quick Tips to Keep Your Pages Accessible” is a Heading 2, and “Use Headings” is a Heading 3. Besides bringing in a larger font and adding white space, these headings are great for accessibility. They allow impaired users to skip through the heading tags the same way you would visually scan a page for headlines. Heading 3 would be a subsection within an Heading 2 section. You can add headings to a by going to Format > Formats > Headings or by using the keyboard shortcut (Control + 2, Control + 3, etc. on Windows, Command + 2, Command + 3, etc. on Mac). Headings help your site to look great, be more accessible, and they will really help your search engine rankings.
Watch Color Contrast
Be careful with color contrast. You will be able to change the color of your page text or upload images with text. Remember that users may have forms of color blindness or low vision. In the Resources section below, there are ways to measure the contrast levels with some websites or apps. In general, don’t put red text on a green background, or yellow text on a white background. Make sure your text is clearly legible.
Use a contrast checker to check accessibility.
Be sure to have contact information clearly visible on the website (homepage, main navigation, or footer), providing the ability to request alternate versions of inaccessible material to viewers with disabilities.
Please note that while these tools will help issues, many aspects of web accessibility require a degree of judgement. For example, a tool can detect if you're missing alt text for an image, but it won't be able to figure out if alt text accurately describes the image. Visit the IT accessibility website to learn about more tools for automatically testing a web page's accessibility.
|WAVE||A website that scans a single page of your site.||After scanning, click the Flag icon, then change the filter to WCAG 2.0 AA.|
|ARC Toolkit||A Chrome plugin that allows you to quickly run scans on any webpage.||After installing the plugin, it can be found in developer tools by right clicking, selecting “inspect”, and scrolling through the tools at the top of the inspect pane.|
|Accessible Name and Description Inspector (ANDI)||A bookmarklet that allows you to quickly run scans on any webpage in any browser.||After bookmarking ANDI, navigate to the web page you wish to audit and click on the ANDI bookmark.|